Sandinista guerrillas and revolution

Augusto César Sandino was the leader of the guerrilla army who fought in the Nicaragua of 1926-1933 against occupation of the North American Army which, under the pretext of peace and democracy, in fact brought transnational exploitation of the country's resources. After US withdrawal from Nicaragua, Sandino was in the process of negotiating the reinsertion of guerrilla fighters to civil life when he was killed as a result of betrayal by Anastasio Somoza García, leader of the National Guard. This gave rise in 1937 to the start of more than four decades of military dictatorship by the Somoza family.

The 60s saw the birth of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), a guerrilla militia determined to forcefully overthrow the dictatorship with very obviously fewer means. In the 70s the rebel movement grew in strength thanks to the complicity and support not only of the workers, peasants and students, but also of the international community. On 19 July 1979 the revolution won, forcing the Somozas to flee, and a socialist, Marxist-Leninist government was composed. The National Guard on the run formed a counter-revolutionary paramilitary army in Costa Rica and Honduras, funded by the USA, known as "La Contra", who fought the revolutionary process in Central America for several long years.

Film: Red Princesses

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  • San Sebastián Donostia 2016
  • Donostiako Udala. Ayuntamiento de San Sebastián
  • donostiakultura.com. San Sebastián: ciudad de la cultura
  • AIETE: Casa de la Paz y los Derechos Humanos