In 1932 Stalin’s government imposed socialist realism as a form of all artistic expression in the Soviet Union and rejected other expressions considered to be middle-class. This trend endeavours to express communist values in art, to educate the population and foster class awareness by means of idealising the revolution and extolling the proletariat, agricultural and industrial alike, portraying them with their work tools and clothes as a subject deserving admiration.
The Soviet Union extended this policy to the other socialist states within its orbit, among which was the Polish People’s Republic.
In the process of its Sovietization, avant-garde men and women artists, including Strzemiński, were instructed to adopt socialist realism. Anyone daring to challenge the imposition suffered censorship and marginalisation by the authorities.